Note: Every Indian youth should be aware of this story. It’s an article with a political and emotional hue. It will clear to a extend why the likes of Arundhati Roy are opposing the Indian domination of the valley of Kashmir.
Plebiscite – a vote by inhabitants of a region, to decide a question of importance concerning them.
I was quite ecstatic on 15 August 1947 when I and about 500 of princely sibling states of mine were free and independent of the British rule, on our own. Our rulers were given a free choice of joining Pakistan, India or being independent countries. While most of the princely states moved on to become a part of union of India after the persuasion (better said a threatening persuasion) by then Minister for Home and States Affairs Vallabhbhai Patel who had the responsibility of welding the British Indian provinces and the princely states into a united India.
The then reining ruler of mine King Hari Singh was in favour of letting me being an independent state. Like me Bhopal, Travancore and Hyderabad announced that they did not intend to join either dominion. Junagarh decieded to be with Pakistan. It was quite a turbulent times. What was coming was rather imaginable but not expected by Pakistan or others. The unfair policies of India which were going to be displayed in their full glory.
The story of betrayal started with an irony. I was ruled by a Hindu ruler but my inhabited by majority were Muslims and I wanted to be an independent state. At the same time The Nawab of Junagadh, a princely state located on the south-western end of Gujarat was a Muslim but the majority of its inhabitants was Hindus and wanted to join Pakistan.
A silent deal was getting created in the mind of Patel that if Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Then Pakistan’s president) let India have Junagadh and Hyderabad (which wanted to be an independent state and was supported by Pakistan), Patel would not object to me(Kashmir) acceding to Pakistan .A speech by Patel at the Bahauddin College in Junagadh following the latter's take-over, where he said that "we would agree to Kashmir if they agreed to Hyderabad and junagarh", suggests that he may have been amenable to this idea.
The Junagarh Story
The Junagarh Story
The Great Hyderabad Coup
Pakistan played by rules and supported the Hyderabad willingness to be an independent country. Hyderabad which was landlocked by India from all sides was strangled by Indian government and all roads leading to Hyderabad were blocked suffocating it to its natural death. Pakistan raised its voice against it but was silenced and convinced that if Pakistan let India have Hyderabad India will conduct a plebiscite in Kashmir. Baffled Hyderabad ran to attempted to approach the UN Security Council and the International Court of Justice. Again they suggested a plebiscite. The Indian leaders got bewildered and seeking the international pressures falling upon it rules and policies were changed overnight and an army mission Operation Polo was launched, the troops met little resistance and within 2 days took complete control of the state. Despite vehement protests from Pakistan and strong criticism from other countries, Hyderabad was absorbed into India.
Finally My (Kashmir) Abduction